This is the home page for complete genome sequences of haloarchaeal microorganisms. The organisms listed here can grow at high salinity and are members of the archaeal branch of life. This database is reported in the following publications: DasSarma et al. Saline Systems 2010, 6:12 and Capes et al. BMC Genomics 2012, 13:39.

Search all the genomes or click below for a specific organism. To go to our companion education website, click to go to HaloEd.

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Organism Date Physiology/Ecology Genome Size

Halobacterium sp. NRC-1

2000

Extreme halophile, facultative anaerobe and phototroph, from salted food

2.6 Mbp

Haloarcula marismortui

2004

Metabolically versatile extreme halophile from the Dead Sea

4.3 Mbp

Natronomonas pharaonis

2005

Alkaliphilic extreme halophile from soda lake

2.8 Mbp

Haloquadratum walsbyi

2006

Square-shaped extreme halophile from solar saltern

3.2 Mbp

Haloferax volcanii

2006

Moderate halophile, prototroph, from Dead Sea mud

4.0 Mbp

Halorubrum lacusprofundi

2007

Cold-adapted halophile from Antarctic lake

3.7 Mbp

Halobacterium sp. R-1

2008

Laboratory mutant, similar to Halobacterium sp. NRC-1

2.7 Mbp

2009

Rod shaped halophile from soil of salt flat in Jujuy, Argentina

3.3 Mbp

Halorhabdus utahensis

2009

Pleomorphic extreme halophile from sediment of Great Salt Lake in Utah, USA

3.1 Mbp

Halogeometricum borinquense

2009

Pleomorphic extreme halophile from waters of solar saltern in Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico

3.9 Mbp

Haloterrigena turkmenica

2010

Coccoid to ovoid shaped halophile from sulfate saline soil in Turkmenistan

5.4 Mbp

Halalkalicoccus jeotgali

2010

Isolated from shrimp jeotgal, a traditional Korean fermented seafood

3.7 Mbp

Natrialba magadii

2011

A alkaliphilic halophile from Lake Magadi, Kenya

4.4 Mbp

Haloarcula hispanica

2011

PHA producing extreme halophile from Spanish solar saltern

3.9 Mbp

Halopiger xanaduensis

2011

Extremely halophilic archaeon from saline Lake Shangmatala in Inner Mongolia, China

4.4 Mbp

Halophilic archaeon DL31

2011

Extreme halophile from Deep Lake, Antarctica

3.6 Mbp

Haloferax mediterranei

2012

Metabolically versatile extremely halophilic archaeon from Spanish saltern

3.9 Mbp

Halovivax ruber

2012

Extreme halophile from a saline lake in China

3.9 Mbp

Natronococcus occultus

2012

Coccoid alkaliphilic halophile from Lake Magadi, Kenya

4.0 Mbp

Natronobacterium gregoryi SP2

2013

Rod-shaped alkaliphilic halophile from Lake Magadi, Kenya

3.8 Mbp